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Things just seem to keep getting worse for the troubled brick-and-mortar retail world.
After years of struggling to compete with
all-powerful Amazon, retailers have been closing hundreds of stores amid declining sales. Analysts are even predicting that one-quarter of America’s malls could close within the next five years.
And in at least one way, the situation is worse for retailers now than it was during the doldrums brought on by the financial crisis, a report released last week by
Moody’s Investors Service indicates. The new report gives ratings of Caa or worse—defined as “subject to very high credit risk”—to 22 major retailers.
That’s up from 19 when a similar report was issued in February, and it tops the high (also 19) recorded during the Great Recession. (And indeed, one of the 22 filed for bankruptcy shortly after the report was released.)
Distressed retailers like Sears, David’s Bridal, and Neiman Marcus are facing a “perfect storm,” senior Moody’s retail analyst Charles O’Shea explained to
, referencing the title of the famous
Sebastian Junger book
). “You’re on the
right now, and the water’s starting to get very choppy.”
Spoiler alert: No one on the ship survived.
Today’s retail storm centers on
Amazon, and the widespread shift to online shopping in general. Still, Moody’s notes that only 15% of the retailers it analyzes are currently at a high risk of bankruptcy. “The majority of retailers remain fundamentally healthy,” O’Shea said in a press release accompanying the new Moody’s report. “But as select groups of retailers continue to deteriorate—in particular department stores and specialty retailers—we believe the distressed ranks will keep growing.”
Here are the 22 chains that Moody’s says are at serious risk of bankruptcy.
Customers shop at an outlet of Quiksilver in Hong Kong, China. Li lin—Imaginechina/AP
The sports retailer is a subsidiary of the surf-inspired company
Quiksilver, which itself emerged from bankruptcy in early 2016.
Bon Ton store in the Maine Mall was the first to begin promoting it’s Christmas season. John Ewing—Portland Press Herald/Getty Images
department store company, based in Pennsylvania and Wisconsin, has reported big losses in recent years.
Cole Haan store holiday display in New York City. Rob Kim—FilmMagic/Getty Images
Calceus owns the
Cole Haan footwear brand.
For Black Friday sales at Grossmont Center in La Mesa, Charlotte Russe a ladies clothing store advertised, Entire Store $20 or Less, November 27, 2015, San Diego, CA. Nelvin C. Cepeda/U-T San Diego—ZUMA Wire/Alamy
The apparel retailer includes its flagship
women’s clothing stores and the child-focused brand Peek.
Charming Charlie women’s wear store, entrance on Fifth Avenue, New York, 2015 Patti McConville—Alamy
women’s fashion accessories chain was launched in 2004.
A shopper passes a display in the window of a J. Crew store in the Shadyside shopping district of Pittsburgh. Gene J. Puskar—AP
Chinos Intermediate Holdings
It’s the parent company for the preppy
J. Crew brand.
Pedestrians pass a Claire’s Accessories store, operated by Claire’s Stores Inc., on Oxford Street in London, U.K. Chris Ratcliffe—Bloomberg via Getty Images
The chain, focused on
accessories and jewelry for young women, has been closing stores and losing money for years.
Store manager Sonni Sanders (CQ) looks for gowns for customers to try on at David’s Bridal which opened its first upscale boutique in the country in Los Angeles on West Pico Boulevard. Anne Cusack—LA Times via Getty Images
bridal retail chain, once known as the “Walmart of weddings,” has been categorized as distressed for several months.
A general view of atmosphere at the Eddie Bauer NYC Store Opening in New York City. Ben Gabbe—Getty Images for Eddie Bauer
It’s the parent company of the well-known outdoorsy fashion brand
Evergreen AcqCo 1 LP
It’s the parent company of the for-profit thrift store chain
Savers, which has over 300 locations in the U.S., Canada, and Australia.
Customers exit a Fairway Group Holdings Corp. market in New York. Victor J. Blue—Bloomberg via Getty Images
Fairway Group Holdings
grocery store chain went public in 2013 and has subsequently struggled as it expanded, entering bankruptcy protection for a few months last spring and summer.
A customer carries a shopping bag while exiting a Gymboree Corp. store in San Francisco, California. David Paul Morris—Bloomberg via Getty Images
Analysts have said for a while that the
children’s apparel retailer has on the brink of bankruptcy. Sure enough, on Monday, a few days after the new Moody’s report, Gymboree filed for bankruptcy and announced it could and anticipate it could close as many as 450 stores.
Shoppers use plastic grocery bags after shopping at the 99 Cents Only Store in Los Angeles, California. Kevork Djansezian—Getty Images
99 Cents Only Stores
discount chain runs roughly 350 stores in the southwestern U.S.
Shoppers browse items inside a Nine West Group Inc. store at the Antara Mall in the Polanco neighborhood in Mexico City, Mexico, Susana Gonzalez—Bloomberg via Getty Images
Nine West Holdings
The firm owns its
flagship women’s shoe stores, and also owned the Easy Spirit footwear brand until it was sold off last year.
Customers enter a Sears store at a mall in Los Angeles, California on March 22, 2017. MARK RALSTON—AFP/Getty Images
The company owns both Kmart and its iconic flagship retail brand, but
could close over 250 stores this year.
At the launch of TOMS London Community Outpost, their first UK Flagship store off Carnaby Street in London, England. David M. Benett—Getty Images for TOMS
The socially conscious
footwear retailer, which donates a pair of shoes to charity for every pair purchased, had its debt rating downgraded last summer.
True Religion retail store sign in Philadelphia, PA. Gilbert Carrasquillo—Getty Images
True Religion Apparel
The Los Angeles-based
fashion retailer has been hit with slumping sales as premium-priced jeans have given way to trendy “athleisure” clothing.
Ed Krawiec (#3, SCREAMIN EAGLE/VANCE & HINES) competes in Pro Stock Motorcycle during the Fifth Annual Summit Racing Equipment NHRA Nationals at Summit Racing Equipment Motorsports Park in Norwalk OH, June 26. Frank Jansky/Southcreek Global—Zuma Press, Inc./Alamy
Velocity Pooling Vehicle
The owner of
MAG Retail, a seller of motorcycle parts and accessories, was downgraded by Moody’s a year ago
Plus 3 More Chains
Indra Holdings. The holdings company owns Ohio-based Totes Isotoner, known for mostly for boots, gloves, and umbrellas.
Tops. The supermarket company has roughly 180 Tops Friendly Markets locations in New York, Vermont, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania.
Vince. The luxury fashion retailer, which runs 40 full-price and 14 outlet stores, saw net sales decrease 14% during the first quarter of 2017.